This overall objective is subdivided into four specific objectives of the project FlyATM4E, which are to
- Objective O1: advance concepts to assess the climate impact of ATM operations which integrates an adequate representation of uncertainties, including CO2, contrails, ozone, methane and water vapour climate effects, from weather forecast as well as climate science, and to provide concepts for climate information enabling eco-efficient aircraft trajectories.
- Objective O2: investigate aviation’s climate impact mitigation potential by developing robust flight planning algorithms through integration of uncertainties from the climate impact analysis and ensemble weather forecasts in ATM.
- Objective O3: identify eco-efficient aircraft trajectories and related weather situations, which enable a reduction of both climate impact and operational costs (“Win-Win”) by avoiding ATM inefficiencies; or which largely reduce the climate impact of aviation at almost unchanged costs by avoiding extreme climatesensitive regions (“Cherry-Picking”).
- Objective O4: provide recommendations for target stakeholders on policy actions and supporting measures to implement eco-efficient aircraft trajectories enabled by a better understanding of the climate impact of individual aircraft trajectories.